Three Categories of Crimes
Crimes Against Persons, include for example, murder, rape, and assault.
The victims are all persons.
The category of Crimes Against Property, is defined by the object of these crimes” property. For example, theft, bribery, and burglary, are Crimes Against Property.
The objective of these crimes is to obtain money, property, or some other benefit.
These represent criminal prohibitions against certain types of activity. But they are victimless “crimes,” in which property is not the object. And they tend to be about government efforts to control and divide the People, for example, drug prohibition laws.
Crimes Against Persons
Policy-makes have categorized crimes for hundreds of years. These are the three categories that dominate the discussion in American and English law. We find them useful. But they are not perfect.
The best definition of crimes against persons may be “crimes where a person is a victim, that don’t involve property.”
An example of a difficult crime to categorize is robbery. Robbery is a crime against a person since by definition a robbery involves a person robbed. But it is also a property crime, since the object of the crime is to get money or other property.
Another category buster is burglary. If a burglar steals from an empty building, we have a property crime. But if a person is in the building, we have a crime against a person. And to complicate further, what about a burglary of a building but the burglar didn’t know a person was in it? When we analyze Minnesota Statutes on burglary, we can see that the severity of the punishments reflects these concerns.
We generally view Crimes Against Persons as more serious than Property Crimes. And the criminal laws reflect that.
So, though these categories are not clean and perfect, we find them useful.
Categories of Crimes Against Persons
We have traditionally divided Crimes Against Persons into three categories:
- Homicide offenses
- Sexual offenses
- Non-fatal non-sexual offences
A homicide is a death of a person caused by another person. But most homicides are not crimes. Motor vehicles accidents resulting in death are rarely crimes, for example.
But some homicides are the result of a criminal act. These range from:
While their common element is a resulting death, the severity of these crimes varies with the level of criminal intent. For example, premeditated, intentional murder is a more serious crime that a grossly negligent DWI resulting in a death.
Most sex crime laws involve a victim who is present at the time of the crime. These are crimes against persons. Whether we can honestly say there is an identifiable victim in the presence of the perpetrator at the time of the crime, is questionable for some sex crimes, however.
We have three act-based categories of sex crimes:
Non-touch (e.g., child porn)
Non-fatal, non-sexual offenses
This is the “other” category. The most common non-fatal, non-sexual offense is Assault. And the most common assault charges today are domestic assault charges.
But other examples of these Crimes Against Persons include:
Assault with a weapon (Assault Second Degree)
Kidnapping, Abduction, False Imprisonment
The severity of these Crimes Against Persons varies with the level of criminal intent and the level of harm caused.
Problems of false accusation and problems of proof
People sometimes make false allegations. Sometimes they do so intentionally. They seek to fool the police and make the prosecutors their weapon.
But often false allegations are the result of human error. We are all subject to cognitive bias and error in perception and recollection.
Yet we are completely unaware. The result? The courts convict innocent people for crimes they did not do. It happens every day.
And because Crimes Against Persons are the most serious crimes, a person facing these charges needs serious criminal defense help. You need the best criminal defense lawyer with the most resources to fight for the truth, for liberty, for justice.
We can help
We work hard to help you learn about the law and defenses. Unlike others, this website contains a wealth of content to help you now.
And when you call Minneapolis Criminal Attorney Thomas Gallagher, you can get help right away on the phone.
Then, if you retain Thomas Gallagher as your defense attorney, he works hard on your behalf to protect and defend you from a government hell-bent on destruction.
Question about defending against charges of Crimes Against Persons? Call Minneapolis Criminal Attorney Thomas Gallagher at 612 333-1500